Is It Safe To Eat Chickpeas During Pregnancy: Benefits And Side Effects

Chickpeas during pregnancy offer supporting fetal development and digestive health. With their low glycemic index, they help regulate blood sugar levels. Including chickpeas in various dishes provides energy, satiety, and versatility to a pregnant woman’s diet.

What are Chickpeas?

What are Chickpeas?

Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a type of legume that belongs to the Fabaceae family. They are popular and widely consumed around the world, particularly in Middle Eastern, Indian, and Mediterranean cuisines. Chickpeas are valued for their high protein and fiber content, as well as their versatility in cooking.

There are two main types of chickpeas: desi and kabuli. Desi chickpeas are smaller, darker, and have a rougher outer coat. They are commonly used in Indian and other South Asian dishes. Kabuli chickpeas, on the other hand, are larger, lighter in color, and have a smoother coat. These are the variety most commonly found in Western countries and are often used in dishes like hummus, salads, and stews.

Are Chickpeas Good for You?

Chickpeas are highly beneficial for your well-being. They provide a range of advantages that contribute to a healthy lifestyle. Firstly, chickpeas are an excellent source of plant-based protein, which is essential for muscle development, tissue repair, and overall bodily functions. Additionally, they offer various minerals and antioxidants that support vital bodily processes and help combat cell damage.

Chickpeas also have a positive impact on blood sugar levels, as they are low on the glycemic index, making them suitable for individuals with diabetes or those aiming to manage their blood sugar. incorporating chickpeas into your diet can aid in weight management due to their high satiety factor, keeping you feeling fuller for longer. Overall, including chickpeas in your meals can be a valuable component of a healthy diet.

Benefits of Chickpeas During Pregnancy

Benefits of Chickpeas During Pregnancy

Including chickpeas in your diet during pregnancy offers numerous benefits for both you and your growing baby. These nutrient-packed legumes are a rich source of vitamins, hydration, nutrition, and fiber, making them an excellent addition to your prenatal nutrition plan.

1. Essential vitamins

Chickpeas are abundant in essential vitamins like folate (vitamin B9), which is crucial for the proper development of your baby’s neural tube and helps prevent birth defects. They also provide vitamins such as vitamin C, which supports your immune system and aids in iron absorption.

2. Hydration

Staying hydrated during pregnancy is vital, and chickpeas can contribute to your daily fluid intake. These legumes have a high water content, helping to support hydration levels and maintain the balance of bodily fluids.

3. Nutritional value

Chickpeas are a nutritional powerhouse, offering a wide range of essential nutrients such as iron, magnesium, calcium, and zinc. These nutrients are necessary for your baby’s growth, bone development, and overall health.

4. Fiber for digestion

The high fiber content in chickpeas promotes healthy digestion and prevents constipation—a common discomfort during pregnancy. Fiber also helps regulate blood sugar levels and supports a healthy weight, which is beneficial for both you and your baby.

5. Folate for neural tube development

Folate is vital during pregnancy as it aids in the development of the baby’s brain and spinal cord. Chickpeas are a fantastic source of folate, ensuring that you meet your daily requirements.

6. Energy and protein

Pregnancy requires increased energy and protein intake. Chickpeas provide complex carbohydrates for sustained energy and high-quality plant-based protein, supporting your baby’s growth and maintaining your own energy levels.

7. Nutrient absorption

Chickpeas contain vitamin C, which enhances the absorption of non-heme iron found in plant-based foods. This helps prevent iron deficiency anemia, ensuring adequate oxygen supply to you and your baby.

8. Heart health

The soluble fiber in chickpeas can help lower cholesterol levels, promoting a healthy cardiovascular system during pregnancy. This is essential for maintaining proper blood circulation and reducing the risk of gestational complications.

Canned Chickpeas During Pregnancy

Canned chickpeas can be a convenient choice for pregnant women. They offer a ready-to-use option that saves time and effort in the kitchen. Canned chickpeas undergo a sterilization process, ensuring food safety and reducing the risk of harmful bacteria. While it’s important to check the sodium content on the label and choose low-sodium options, they can still be a valuable source of nutrients.

However, it is advisable to opt for BPA-free cans or consider cooking dried chickpeas if you are concerned about potential exposure to bisphenol A. Including a variety of legumes in your diet is recommended for overall nutritional diversity.

Why Should You Eat Chickpeas During Pregnancy?

Including chickpeas in your diet during pregnancy can be highly beneficial for you and your baby. Chickpeas offer a range of advantages that support a healthy pregnancy. They provide essential elements that contribute to your well-being and the proper development of your baby. By incorporating chickpeas into your meals, you can ensure you’re nourishing your body with important nutrients and promoting a balanced diet. These legumes are a versatile and easy-to-use ingredient that adds variety to your meals. Enjoying chickpeas during pregnancy can be a simple and enjoyable way to enhance your overall nutritional intake and support a healthy pregnancy journey.

Chickpeas in First, Second, and Third Trimesters

Chickpeas in First, Second, and Third Trimesters

Chickpeas During Pregnancy First Trimister

During the first trimester, chickpeas can provide essential nutrients like protein and iron, which are important for your baby’s early development. They can help support the growth of your baby’s organs and tissues. Additionally, chickpeas offer energy in the form of complex carbohydrates, which can help combat fatigue and provide sustained energy levels.

Chickpeas During Pregnancy Second Trimister

As your baby continues to grow and your nutritional needs increase, chickpeas can be a valuable source of nutrients during the second trimester. They are rich in fiber, which aids in digestion and helps prevent constipation, a common discomfort during pregnancy. The protein content in chickpeas supports the development of your baby’s muscles, bones, and organs.

Chickpeas During Pregnancy Third Trimister

The third trimester is a crucial period for your baby’s rapid growth. Chickpeas can continue to provide important nutrients such as iron, calcium, and magnesium. Iron is particularly important as it helps prevent iron deficiency anemia, which is common in pregnancy. The fiber in chickpeas also helps maintain regular bowel movements and supports digestive health.

Chickpeas Recipes

Here’s some Chickpeas recipes which are suitable for pregnant women:

Chickpeas Recipes
  1. Chickpea and Vegetable Curry: A flavorful and nutritious option packed with protein, fiber, and a variety of vegetables, supporting both the mother’s and baby’s health during pregnancy.
  2. Roasted Chickpea Snack: A crunchy and satisfying snack that provides protein, fiber, and essential minerals. It can help curb cravings and provide a healthier alternative to processed snacks.
  3. Chickpea and Spinach Soup: A comforting and nourishing soup that combines the goodness of chickpeas and nutrient-rich spinach. It offers a good dose of iron, folate, and vitamins, supporting blood production.
  4. Chickpea and Avocado Salad: A refreshing salad that combines the creaminess of avocado with the protein-packed chickpeas. It provides essential nutrients like folate, potassium, and healthy fats, promoting overall health and fetal development.
  5. Chickpea Hummus: A versatile and easy-to-make dip that can be enjoyed with whole-grain crackers or vegetable sticks. It offers protein, fiber, and healthy fats, supporting satiety and providing essential nutrients for both the mother and baby.

Raw Chickpeas During Pregnancy

Raw chickpeas are not recommended to be consumed during pregnancy. Raw chickpeas contain enzymes and certain substances that can be difficult to digest and may cause digestive issues such as gas and bloating. Raw chickpeas also contain phytic acid, which can interfere with the absorption of minerals like iron and zinc. To safely consume chickpeas during pregnancy, it is advisable to cook them thoroughly. Cooking chickpeas helps to soften them, making them easier to digest and reducing the risk of any potential digestive discomfort. cooking also helps to neutralize the phytic acid content, making the nutrients in chickpeas more readily available for absorption.

Soaking and cooking dried chickpeas or opting for canned chickpeas that have been pre-cooked and are ready to use are both suitable options for consuming chickpeas during pregnancy. These methods ensure that the chickpeas are properly cooked, making them safe and beneficial for pregnant women.

How to Cook Chickpeas?

How to Cook Chickpeas?

Cooking chickpeas is a straightforward process that can be done in a few simple steps. Here’s a basic method for cooking chickpeas:


  • If using dried chickpeas, start by soaking them overnight or for at least 8 hours. Place the chickpeas in a large bowl and cover them with water. The chickpeas will expand, so make sure to use enough water and a large enough bowl.

Draining and Rinsing

  • After soaking, drain the water from the chickpeas and rinse them thoroughly under running water.

Cooking on the Stovetop

  • Transfer the soaked and rinsed chickpeas to a large pot. Add enough water to cover the chickpeas by a few inches.
  • Optionally, you can add a pinch of salt or other seasonings to enhance the flavor.
  • Bring the water to a boil, then reduce the heat to a simmer.
  • Cook the chickpeas for about 1 to 1.5 hours, or until they are tender but not mushy. Cooking time may vary depending on the size and freshness of the chickpeas.
  • Skim off any foam or impurities that may rise to the surface during cooking.
  • Check for doneness by tasting a few chickpeas. They should be soft but still hold their shape.

Cooking in a Pressure Cooker

  • Place the soaked and rinsed chickpeas in a pressure cooker.
  • Add enough water to cover the chickpeas by about an inch.
  • Close the lid and set the pressure cooker to high pressure.
  • Cook for about 15-20 minutes. Cooking time may vary depending on the pressure cooker model and the size of the chickpeas.
  • Allow the pressure to release naturally before opening the cooker.

Testing for Doneness

  • To ensure the chickpeas are cooked to your desired tenderness, take a couple of chickpeas and gently press them between your fingers. They should be soft and easily mashable but not too mushy.

Once the chickpeas are cooked, you can use them in various recipes like salads, soups, stews, curries, or hummus. You can also store cooked chickpeas in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to a few days or freeze them for longer-term storage.

Remember to adjust cooking times and methods based on the specific instructions of your chosen recipe and consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian for personalized advice regarding your dietary needs during pregnancy.

Nutrition of Chickpeas

The Nutritional composition of cooked chickpeas per 100 grams:

Calories164 kcal
Protein8.9 g
Fat2.6 g
Carbohydrates27.4 g
Fiber7.6 g
Sugar4.8 g
Calcium49 mg
Iron2.9 mg
Magnesium48 mg
Phosphorus168 mg
Potassium291 mg
Sodium6 mg
Vitamin C0.6 mg
Vitamin K4.7 mcg
Folate172 mcg

Side Effects of Chickpeas During Pregnancy

  • Allergies: While rare, some individuals may have legume allergies, including chickpeas. Allergic reactions can range from mild symptoms like itching and hives to more severe symptoms like difficulty breathing. If you have a known legume or chickpea allergy, it is advisable to avoid consuming them.
  • Personal Sensitivities: Some pregnant women may have individual sensitivities or intolerances to specific foods, including chickpeas. If you experience any adverse reactions or discomfort after consuming chickpeas, consult your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to determine the cause and find suitable alternatives.

Facts about Chickpeas

  • Did you know that chickpeas have been cultivated for over 7,000 years? 

They are one of the oldest cultivated crops in the world, with evidence of their domestication dating back to ancient civilizations in the Middle East. Chickpeas have been an essential staple in various cuisines and have played a significant role in the diets of many cultures throughout history. Their versatility, nutritional value, and long shelf life have contributed to their popularity, making them a staple ingredient in hummus, curries, stews, and salads.


Is it safe to eat chickpeas during Pregnancy? 

Yes, it is generally safe to consume chickpeas during Pregnancy. They provide essential nutrients and can be a healthy addition to a well-balanced diet.

How many chickpeas can I eat while pregnant? 

There is no specific limit on how much chickpeas you can eat during Pregnancy. However, consuming them in moderation is recommended as part of a varied diet.

Can chickpeas cause allergies during Pregnancy?

While allergies to chickpeas are rare, some individuals may be allergic. If you have a known allergy, avoiding chickpeas or any related products is best.

Do chickpeas help with pregnancy constipation? 

Yes, chickpeas are high in fiber, which can help regulate bowel movements and alleviate pregnancy-related constipation.

Can chickpeas cause gas or bloating during Pregnancy? 

Chickpeas can cause gas or bloating in some individuals due to their fiber content. Soaking and cooking them thoroughly can help reduce these effects.

Are canned chickpeas safe to eat during Pregnancy? 

Canned chickpeas can be consumed during Pregnancy as long as they are properly rinsed and low in sodium. However, homemade cooked chickpeas are a healthier option.

Can chickpeas be eaten raw during Pregnancy? 

It is not recommended to consume raw chickpeas during Pregnancy as they are difficult to digest. Cooking chickpeas thoroughly is recommended for safe consumption.

Can I eat hummus made from chickpeas while pregnant? 

Yes, hummus made from cooked chickpeas is safe to eat during Pregnancy. However, ensure it is prepared with fresh ingredients and stored correctly.

Do chickpeas provide enough protein for Pregnancy? 

Chickpeas are an excellent source of plant-based protein and can contribute to meeting your protein needs during Pregnancy.

Can chickpeas help with gestational diabetes? 

Chickpeas have a low glycemic index and are a good source of complex carbohydrates and fiber, which can help regulate blood sugar levels in individuals with gestational diabetes.

Conclusion: This article aims to provide valuable information about the connection between fitness, nutrition, and women’s health. Whether you are currently expecting a baby or have experienced a termination of Pregnancy, it is important to prioritize your overall well-being and seek advice from healthcare experts to ensure the protection of your health.

  • For more additional articles on similar topics, please explore our Homepage.

I'm Abdul Rehman, the person behind Lady Well Care, dedicated to supporting pregnant mothers safely enjoying their food during pregnancy by dispelling myths and providing practical examples. I have obtained a Certification in natural herbs, nutrition, and nutrients during Pregnancy from the Certified Institute, as well as a Diploma in Herbalism. Every content we produce at Lady Well Care is meticulously crafted to ensure accuracy and alignment with the latest recommendations on optimal maternal nutrition. I am passionate about writing about food and sharing knowledge, aiming to make each pregnancy journey easier for expecting mothers.

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